The Forest Stewardship Council is the only certification system that requires a consensus solution when conflicts arise between logging companies and indigenous communities.

Paper accounts for nearly 40% of the waste stream.

More than 140 publishers, including many of the world's largest, have strong environmental policies.

On average, it is estimated that the U.S. book industry uses less than 10% recycled fiber for its paper.

On average, it is estimated that the U.S. newsprint sector has a 35% recycled fiber use-rate.

Globally, over 40% of the industrial wood harvest is used to make paper.

Deforestation accounts for 25% of human caused C02 emissions.

When the goals set forth in the Book Industry Treatise on Responsible paper use are realized over 5 million trees will be preserved each year.

In 2006, an Opinion Research Corporation poll revealed that 80% of readers are willing to pay more for books printed on recycled and environmentally responsible paper.

Over the course of its lifecycle, postconsumer recycled fiber requires 30-40% less energy than virgin fiber.


Southeast US
Canadian Boreal
Southeast US
Canadian Boreal

Book Industry Treatise on Environmentally Responsible Publishing Collaborative Agreement



The Treatise on Environmentally Responsible Publishing is an industry-developed agreement which defines shared goals for improving the environmental impacts associated with the book industry's average consumption of over one million tons of paper each year. The Treatise was developed with the perspective and participation of over 25 stakeholders over a six-month period—including publishers large and small, book printers, paper companies, and merchants.

Leadership Council

A Leadership Council is guiding the Treatise implementation process and will oversee future content revisions.

The current Council consists of:

Participation by others is welcomed.


Purpose: Setting a Standard and Building Collaboration

The Book Industry Treatise is one of the first sector-wide holistic agreements on paper and publishing. However its goals are grounded in existing precedents such as:

Given the wide spectrum of perspectives on the issues, the Treatise is designed to establish shared goals and standards which can unify varying policies and advance consistency and collaboration.

Addressing Global Warming and Conserving Resources

Specifically, the Treatise calls for increasing the industry's average use of recycled fiber from 5% now to 30% by 2011. When realized, this will conserve 524 million pounds of greenhouse gases-equivalent to keeping 45,818 cars off the road each year. In addition, this shift will save the equivalent of 4.9 million trees, 2.1 billion gallons of water, and 264 million pounds of solid waste each year. [Paper Calculator-Environmental Defense]

Protecting Forests and People

The Treatise also sets goals for ensuring that identified Endangered Forests in regions such as the Canadian Boreal, U.S. Southeast and Indonesia are protected, that conversion of natural forests to plantations does not take place, and that concerns of local and indigenous communities are adequately addressed.

Endorsing the Treatise: What Does it Mean?

Endorsing the Treatise is based on good faith and is non-binding. For paper users and producers, an endorsement signifies the intent to develop and implement internal goals and/or policies consistent with the Treatise and to work in collaboration. For other industry stakeholders [book sellers, authors, associations, etc.], an endorsement shows support for the Treatise and its signatories.

What Can the Treatise Accomplish?

  • Improved dialog and collaborations between paper-users and paper producers and suppliers.

  • Continued development of infrastructure and new papers with strong environmental attributes.

  • More demand and associated lower costs for environmentally responsible papers.

  • A mechanism for identifying companies that are committed environmental leaders.

  • Risk avoidance [reduces the likelihood of being targeted by market pressure groups].



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